Sir Frederick Banting is most known for the incredible discovery of insulin, one of the most important medical breakthroughs of the twentieth century, for which he jointly received the Nobel Prize along with Dr. J.J.R. Macleod. He was the youngest man to receive the Nobel Prize in medicine.Sir Frederick Banting's discovery came after his hypothesis of isolating the internal secretion of a protein called insulin turned into experiments with Charles Best, a student research assistant provided by Dr. J.J.R. Macleod. Together at the University of Toronto, they began work in 1921 to prove that insulin could be a life-saving effective treatment for diabetes. Their research and collaboration team included Dr. J.J.R. Macleod, James B. Collip, among other collaborators, all incredibly talented in their own right.
In 1922, their luck came with a 14 year old boy who was dying, and they were able to successfully save his life by injecting him with insulin. The discovery became highly published, and his fame and notoriety soared, in particular after receiving the Nobel Prize for his work. Banting and Best sold the patent rights to insulin, which would have made them both very rich, for $1 to the University of Toronto, allowing insulin to be mass-produced and widely available to those who needed it. Banting famously said that the discovery belonged to the world, and not him.
Born in 1891 in Alliston, Ontario, Sir Frederick Banting died in 1941 in Musgrave Harbour, Newfoundland.
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